A Follicular Unit Transplant (FUT) hair transplant takes follicular units from a strip located on the neck and then reimplants them on the bald areas.
The hair implant technique is for people, men or women, who suffer from baldness of androgenetic origin. Hair loss is due to an enzyme that causes overactivity of the male hormone (testosterone). The hair renewal cycles are shortened and the head starts to gradually go bald. Although we can delay hair loss with hair lotions, once the hair has fallen out, the only solution is to use a hair transplant.
The technique of removing grafts from a strip on the back of the neck is the oldest hair implant method. For some as yet unexplained reason, the hair located on the Hippocratic crown never falls, even if it is implanted in a different part of the hair.
Two benefits ensure the success of the FUT (Follicular Unit Transplant) technique among patients :
- It makes it possible to cover a large bald area in a single session.
- It is the only technique which is suitable for people who have curly hair.
Gradually, the fue method has become increasingly successful because it avoids keeping a thin scar.
How the procedure works
The hair implant operation is carried out under local anaesthetic as an outpatient and lasts between three to five hours.
The hair grows in small groups of one to four hairs, which are known as follicular units or grafts.
- Those of one to two hairs are used to reshape the frontal line and give it a natural look.
- Those of three to four hairs are implanted into the middle of the head to provide density and volume.
A hair transplant consists of three stages :
Sampling the strip from the neck
After shaving the donor area, the surgeon removes a strip with a width of one centimetre and of variable length, depending on the desired number of grafts, from the neck. This area is then sutured in two planes in order to obtain a very fine scar that will fade away over time. The hair located on the margins of the sample grow through the scar, leaving only a discontinuous fine line of less than one millimetre in width, which is completely drowned by the surrounding hair.
Preparing the hair implant
The assistants dissect grafts of one millimetre in diameter carrying one to three hairs under a microscope. Each follicular unit is then counted so as to be distributed according to the desired result.
The hair implantation phase
The surgeon marks the areas to be treated. This drawing serves as a reference throughout the procedure. The implantation is carried out with a needle in order to obtain very dense areas, or when it comes to reinforcing a diffuse part, to avoid damaging the surrounding hairs.
After the procedure
After the hair micrograft procedure, there may be oedema on the forehead for one or two days. The patient may also feel throbbing in the sampled area.
From the fourth day, the patient can use shampoo by gently tapping. On the eighth day the patient can use shampoo by gently rubbing to make the small scabs drop off.
Small scabs appear on the third day after the hair transplant. They gradually drop off after one week, carrying the stem of the graft with them. This is an entirely normal phenomenon that should not worry the patient. The new hair will gradually grow over the coming months. The sutures are removed on the eighth day.
In theory, the patient can return to work the day after the hair micrograft session, although in practice it is advisable to plan to have a few days off. It is recommended to wait two weeks before playing sports again.
The hair grows back by the fourth month and the result is visible from the sixth month to be final after one year. As 500 to 2,000 grafts can be sampled at once, the patient regains a satisfactory hair density after the first session.
Your hair will need to be at least one to two centimetres long for the thin scar on the neck to be completely invisible.
Hair transplant prices
Consultation with the surgeon: €50.
|Number of follicular units||Prices including VAT*|
|500 follicular units||€2,000 to €3,000|
|1000 follicular units||€4,000 to €5,000|
|1500 follicular units||€5,500 to €6,500|
|2000 follicular units||From €7,000|
* 20% VAT