CoolSculpting is a remodeling treatment that which uses cryolipolysis, a technique which freezes small stubborn fatty deposits. The adipocytes that destroyed by the cold are then eliminated naturally by the body.
We all have stubborn fat that is difficult or impossible to lose with going on a diet or playing sports. CoolSculpting treats small amounts of surplus fat on the face and body: the double chin, arms, upper back, folds in the armpits, male gynaecomastia, hips, stomach, inner thighs, saddlebags, the fold under the buttocks and knees.
This technique is contraindicated for pregnant women and people who are hypersensitive to cold. In any case, it cannot replace a diet, if one is necessary.
The mechanism of action of Cryolipolysis
Cryolipolysis is a way of destroying fat with cold.
Fatty cells are more sensitive to the cold than the other cells in the body. When the fatty cell is subjected to intense cold for at least sixty minutes, it releases an enzyme called caspase 3. This results in a crystallisation of the lipids contained in the fat cells, which marks a point of no return and causes the natural death of the fatty cells (apoptosis).
The adipose cells will then deteriorate without harming the adjacent tissues. The fatty cells, which have become waste, are absorbed by the body's cleaning cells, the macrophages, and transported to the liver which will eliminate them after three months. There is no increase in fats in the blood.
Based on this discovery, two researchers from the Wellman Center for photomedicine in Boston, America's largest research centre on lasers and related techniques, which is affiliated with the Harvard Medical School, developed CoolSculpting, which is the only cryolipolysis device with FDA approval and CE marking and which benefits from several years of scientific studies.
How the session works
It lasts between one to three hours depending on the number of areas to be treated and the amount of fat to be eliminated.
The doctor puts down a gel pad to protect the skin and then applies a device combining the effects of suction and cold to area to be treated. When the device draws the pads into the refrigeration panels, the patient feels a strong pinch as well as intense cold. A tingling sensation may also occur, but it disappears with the numbness of the treated area.
Within minutes, the temperature, which is continuously monitored by the device, is lowered to a temperature of about -10 degrees. CoolSculpting controls the temperature on the treated area at all times, allowing it to maintain the intense cold for the time required to remove the fat.
The coolant treatment causes the targeted adipose cells to die naturally. The surrounding cells and muscles are not affected as they are less sensitive to the cold. During the following weeks, the body begins to eliminate the dead adipose cells by itself.
The elimination of the adipose cells leads to a concentration of the remaining cells and a general decrease of the adipose layer.
During the first few minutes of cooling, the patient feels intense pressure and cold. This feeling disappears quickly. The patient is comfortable and can read, listen to music, check their emails or take a nap during the treatment.
During the session, the doctor's assistant regularly checks that the treatment is going to plan. The applicators come in various shapes and sizes in order to adapt to the body's natural contours and treat large areas all at once. The patient is comfortable and can read, listen to music, check their emails or take a nap.
The patient can return to work immediately after the CoolSculpting. The area treated is red and slightly insensitive for a few hours. Sometimes, following the suction of the skin, some bruises may appear, but they disappear after a few days. Patients feel soreness for seven to ten days.
CoolSculpting allows you to lose 30% to 45% of the fat in each session. For some patients, a single treatment is sufficient to reach the target they are seeking. Others decide to repeat the sessions to lose even more body fat.
The result is visible after two to three months, which is the time it takes for the fat released by the fatty cells that have been damaged by the cold to be removed slowly and naturally by the lymphatic system and assimilated by the liver.
However, the body will continue to get rid of the fatty cells for up to four to six months after the treatment.
Click on a photo to enlarge it
A healthy lifestyle helps to keep the benefits of CoolSculpting in a sustainable way. Following the treatment, patients are also more likely to take care of themselves, watch their diet and exercise regularly. As long as the weight remains stable, the long-term results are maintained.
For each patient, the doctor establishes a treatment plan indicating the type and number of applicators depending on the area treated and the amount of fat to remove.
There are several applicators of different sizes perfectly adapted to the natural contours of the face and body: CoolMini, CoolAdvantage, CoolSmooth and CoolMax.
Areas treated by applicators
|Number of applicators (35min/cycle)||Prices including VAT**||Total duration**|
|4||€2,200||3h (1 machine) or 1h45 (2 machines)|
|5||€2,750||3h45 (1 machine) or 2h (2 machines)|
|6||€3,150||4h30 (1 machine) or 2h30 (2 machines)|
|Number of applicators (1h15/cycle)||Prices including VAT*||Total duration**|
|2||€1,500||3h (1 machine) or 1h45 (2 machines)|
|Number of applicators (45min/cycle)||Prices including VAT*||Total duration**|
|Number of applicators (1h/cycle)||Prices including VAT*||Total duration**|
|Consultation||Prices including VAT*|
|Consultation with the doctor||€50|
* 20% VAT
**The duration of the session includes :
- The dressing and undressing.
- Taking measurements and photos.
- The installation of the patient.
- Processing time (cycle time and massage between cycles).
Two machines are available when several areas need to be treated at the same time, making it possible to halve the total time required for a treatment.
It is possible to combine several areas during the same session. In this case, the doctor determines the quote during the consultation.
The patient loses 30 to 45% of the fat again at each extra session. To maximise the results, the doctor may make a provision in the treatment plan for a second (20% reduction) and third session (30% reduction).